Protected Natural Areas Lake Titicaca National Reserve

The National Reserve of Titicaca (RNT) is located on the continental waters of Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. The lake is located in the immediate vicinity of the provinces of Puno and Huancané in the department of Puno, at an average altitude of 3,810 masl. It covers 36,180 hectares. Lake Titicaca tours will introduce you to the region’s incredible natural beauty and colorful island communities.

Wild flora and fauna from Lake Titicaca are preserved in the area. The reserve also contributes to the socio-economic development of the region and maintaining alive the traditional cultures of the people that inhabit the area. The communities of Uros and Uros Titino, which inhabit the islands on the vast lake, offer various hospitality options for tourists, providing an excellent opportunity to soak up the local culture.

The reserve protects the lake’s great biological diversity, whose most representative species are birds, including the Titicaca duck, and the famous giant Titicaca frog, known as kelli or huankele.

The entire length of the Peruvian part of Lake Titicaca was recognized by the Ramsar Convention on January 20th 1997, and it is considered a wetland of international importance, especially as a habitat for aquatic birds.

Of the almost 8,600 km2 ( 3320.5 square miles) of the lake, over half of it is in Peruvian territory. The lake itself has been divided into three areas: the Large or Chucuito Lake (with a maximum depth of 283 meters (928 feet)), the Smaller or Wiñaymarca Lake and the Puno bay.

Its main tributaries are the Ramis, Huancané, Coata, Ilave and Suches rivers. Lake Titicaca is the source of the River Desaguadero, which acts as a natural frontier between Peru and Bolivia. The temperature of the water varies between 11° C and 14° C.

The RNTC is located in two sectors at the same time:

  • Ramis sector with 7,030 hectares (2714 acres), in Huancané province, which includes a reed zone and a pelagic area on the right side of the Ramis and Huancané Rivers, and the Yaricoa and Sunuco Lagoons on the left side of the Huancané River.
  • Puno sector, constituting 29,150 hectares (11,255 acres), in Puno province, which covers various reed areas between Estévez Island and the Capachica peninsula.

The floating islands of Los Uros, inhabited by descendents of the ethnic Uros people since ancient times, form one of the main attractions. The inhabitants offer accommodation, fishing, weaving and reed work as well as excursions in their traditional reed boats.

On Amataní and Taquile Islands, the communities offer lodging and rural tourism activities. Suasi Island is a private space that promotes defense of the ecosystem.

Bird watchers are recommended to walk the Carata Mocco tourist trail, where the Titicaca duck reigns. The Yapura tourist trail is appropriate for aquatic adventures and for sailing through reeds.

General Information

Activities: Hiking, bird-watching, canoeing, kayaking, underwater hunting, boat trips, cultural activities, camping (in the Carata Mocco safety checkpoint.).

Climate: Cold and semi-dry climate. The average temperature is 9 °C (48° F), with warm days that can reach temperatures higher than 20 °C (68° F) and cold nights that drop to 2 °C – 3 °C (35° – 37° F). The rainy season occurs from December to March. It is recommended that the reserve be visited between April and November.

Access by Air:

  • Lima – Juliaca, direct flights (1 hour 40 minutes).
  • Lima – Juliaca, flights via Arequipa and Cusco (2 hours 40 minutes).

Access by Land:

  • 1,315 km (817 miles) from Lima – Arequipa – Juliaca – Puno (18 hours).
  • 389 km (242 miles) from Cusco (6 hours).
  • 285 km (177 miles) from Arequipa (5 hours).
  • 376 km (234 miles) from Tacna (6 hours).

Access by Train: 384 km (239 miles) from Cuzco to Puno (10 hours). Timetable: Monday-Wednesday-Friday-Saturday.

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