Lima (City of Kings)

(154 meters) above sea level


Map of Lima


World Heritage Site

In the north is the city of Caral, the oldest civilization of America, and to the south is the Archaeological Complex of Pachacamac. Lima’s history predates the colonial presence in the country. The establishment of the viceroyalty transformed the city into the main political and administrative center of South America. During this period, significant churches, monasteries, mansions and balconies were built. The arrival of modernity didn’t transform the historic center, which is recognized as a World Heritage Site.

Museums with great works of art, archaeological sites, beaches, the boardwalk, valleys, natural reserves, the nightlife, the thrill of adventure sports, and the exquisite cuisine gives Peru’s capital an authentic personality and makes tourism in Lima a unique experience in the country.

Location: On the west central coast of Peru, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.

Extension: Metropolitan Lima: 2,817 km2.

The outskirts of Lima also have their fair share of attractions. From Callao, you can take a boat

ride to visit sea lions and marine birds that find shelter on the Palomino Islands, and, for the more

adventuresome, sail out to the continental shelf and watch whales sporting in the waves. South of the city is Pachacamac, a pre-Hispanic complex that was site of the most important pilgrimage shrine in ancient Peru. And a short distance north sits the remains of Caral, the oldest city in the Americas, built 5,000 years ago.

Routes & length of stay

3 Days

length of stay)

  • 1 day: Historic downtown.
  • 1 day: Main museums.
  • 1 day: Sightseeing in Miraflores and San Isidro.
  • 1 day:  Callao: the Palomino Islands and Fort Real Felipe (Royal Philip).
  • 1 day: Sacred city of Caral.
  • 2 days: Lunahuaná and the North Yauyos Cochas Scenic Reserve.

Recommended for Lima


  • People interested in Spanish Colonial landmarks, who have access to a large number of churches, homes and other landmarks such as the Muralla de Lima (wall of Lima) and Fort Real Felipe.
  • Archeology buffs, who must visit Caral and Pachacámac.
  • Cultural tourism enthusiasts, who visit the city’s numerous and noteworthy museums.
  • Bird watchers, who cannot miss to visit the Pantanos de Villa and the Palomino islands in Callao.
  • Surfing in the beaches of Lima, gliding, rafting, kayaking and mountain cycling in Lurín.
  • Lovers of fine food, who will find a smorgasbord of options, all delicious and different from each other.
  • Handicraft collectors, who need to find their way to the tourist markets called “Indian Markets and shopping malls”.

What to buy?


Crafts from all corners of Peru can be bought at the tourist markets of Miraflores and Pueblo Libre.

Fine clothing made of alpaca and vicuña wool can be purchased at exclusive stores.

There are plenty of shopping malls in the city, the best ones being Jockey Plaza and Larcomar.

The street Avenida La Paz, in Miraflores, is well known for its antique dealers.

Jewelry stores offer exquisite gold and silver pieces.

 What to eat?

que comer

Called the Gastronomic Capital of the Americas, Lima boasts a grand international table that in many cases is a fusion of different tastes, like the Nikkei, which combines Japanese cooking with Peruvian. Such emblematic dishes as lomo saltado (type of stir fried sirloin strips, a blending of Chinese and Peruvian cooking) are an expression of this marriage, too. Like any other coastal city, Lima owes much to the fish and seafood gotten from the ocean. Cebiches, arroz con mariscos (rice with seafood) and conchitas a la chalaca (mussels covered with onions and chili peppers) are dishes of mass consumption and can be found sold from sidewalk vendors to the most refined of restaurants. Pasta also has a strong presence in Lima cuisine, but it is impossible to stop there; the creativity of its chefs allow for daring combinations, like sea bass flambéed in pisco brandy and served with squid and asparagus risotto. Peruvian Creole cooking has a fine showing on the menu, as well, with dishes like ají de gallina (chicken and milk stew), anticuchos (barbecued beef hearts marinated in a spicy chili pepper sauce), mazamorra morada (purple corn pudding) and the ever present cocktail, the pisco sour. And there is more: all the flavors of the nation, from the jungle to the mountains, northern and southern, have found their way into the capital city, joined hands and enriched Lima.

Typical dishes lima

  • Cebiche: His oldest antecedent is the custom that the Indians of the north coast of Peru were eating raw fish. Sometimes the fish was marinated in juice lie, a fruit of tropical climate. Along with the Spanish arrived lemon. And citrus juice of this fruit replaced the lie. The basic preparation consists of fresh fish filet cut into pieces and cooked in lemon. It silt pepper and onion chips it adds. And of course, the skilled hand of the Peruvian cook. The garrison that accompanies it is depending on location and the region. Can be a boiled potato, a potato boiled a choclo and cancha (toasted corn).
  • Tiradito: The popular wisdom devised similar to ceviche but without chips onion dish. The preparation is the same as the ceviche. Only instead of squares, the fish is cut into strips.
  • Carapulcra: It is the oldest one is aware that mestizo dish. Actually, it is an indigenous stew prepared with dried potato casserole style with pork and chicken, panca and mirasol chili, garlic and other spices. Naturally, the latter ingredients added the Spanish conquistador. But the black slave decided to include peanuts, originally from America, which gave him an inimitable forcefulness.
  • Lomo saltado: Chopped beef tenderloin slices, sautéed with onions, tomatoes, chili and various herbs. It served with fries and rice.
  • Causa  rellena: Pasta yellow potatoes seasoned with red pepper, stuffed with tuna. It can also be filled with chicken. And in some restaurants of the first level the present with crabmeat.
Lima Attractions in the City
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Lima Attractions Beyond the City
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Lima Festivals
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