Caral Sacred City


Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009.

Caral is one of 18 settlements identified in the valley. With a size of approximately 65 hectares (161 acres), it comprises of a series of architectural structures, including the Larger Pyramid, the Amphitheatre Pyramid and the Elite Residential Sector. The strong wind swirls the sands of Caral, the most ancient city in the Americas. Ancient inhabitants sought to recreate this strength through their flutes. Made from condor and pelican bone, the first 32 flutes discovered in the archaeological site were one of the greatest surprises held by Caral. For this reason, In 2001, the Caral Flutes Archaeo-Musical Research Workshop was held in order to reproduce the sound that these flutes would have made in 3,000 BC.


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