( 2746 meters) above sea level


Map of Ayacucho


Altarpieces of Art and Nature

Expert craftsmen who carry on the tradition of ancient Wari pottery with coveted altarpieces and a string of colonial-style churches and mansions containing priceless paintings and altars mark out the contours of this land of historic times and places, such as the Pampa de Ayacucho, where continental independence was sealed. Huamanga, called Ayacucho by Simon Bolivar, is a sanctuary that deserves to be explored village by village, with enthusiasm and a willingness to discover the singular pleasure of nostalgic Ayacuchan music.

Location: Central highlands of Peru. Crossed by two mountain ranges that divide it into three geographical units: high plains to the south, steep mountains in the center, and tropical rainforest to the north-east.

Size: 43,814 km2 (16,917 sq.miles).

3 days

length of stay)

1 day: City of Ayacucho historic downtown, churches, mansions and the neighborhood of Santa Ana.

1 day: Wari archeological complex, Pampa de Ayacucho and the town of Quinua.

1 day: Puyas at the Vishcongo archeological site, Lake Pomacocha and Vilcashuamán archaeological complex.

1 day: Pikimachay Cave, Huanta Valley and Lauricocha.

Recommended for


History aficionados: who will enjoy visiting the Pampa de Ayacucho, site of the battle where South American independence from Spain was sealed, back in 1824.

Handicraft collectors: who should definitely go to the neighborhood of Santa Ana.

Archeology buffs: who cannot afford missing out on the Vilcashuamán site.

Nature lovers: who will thoroughly enjoy their visit to see the cluster of puyas at Vishcongo.

What to buy?

que comprar

The craft most associated with Ayacucho is its famous retablos (type of portable shrine) in which artisans depict scenes filled with local customs and religious images. In terms of fabrics, weavers and knitters use techniques that have been passed down from master to apprentice for generations, like naturally dyeing the threads used in carpets and shawls. Other familiar souvenirs you can pick up in Ayacucho are carved Huamanga stones (alabaster), and last by not least, any of the art works done in silver filigree.

What to eat?

que comer

Although there is no lack of international and traditional Peruvian Creole food, you will mostly find restaurants offering local Ayacucho dishes. Regional cuisine is characterized by the use of plenty of pork, vegetables and Andean grains. Its most well known dish is puca picante, a stew of deep fried pork, seasoned with peanut sauce, beets, red chili peppers and annatto. When you sit down to order an appetizer, ask for the qapchi, a salad made from new potatoes (somewhat
starchier than normal), chunks of fresh cheese, diced onions and yellow chili peppers, and the soup should be patache (wheat and bacon, mainly). If it is a jam you crave at breakfast for your bread, then ask for the sauco (elderberry).

Typical dishes Ayacucho

  • Patachi: Or wheat soup is a dish served in clay plate and that comes from the colonial era. Wheat, peas, beans, hominy (chochoca), bacon (hence the color), beef, beef jerky (dried meat of alpaca or llama), pork, offal, onion, potato, chili panca yellow coce and ingredients. The preparation lasts a couple of hours. By serving good, it gets hot pepper grass and now they add diced crispy bread. It is a very nutritious and powerful soup for the winter season.
  • Humitas: It is one of the emblematic Peru entries. It is a dish prepared base Andean corn or corn. Humita The word comes from the Quechua word meaning huminta sweet paste made of cornmeal seasoned with raisins, which is wrapped in a dry stover or corn husk and completely tied. This dish is usually served in the Pachamancas or huatias or the Supervisory or regional parties of the Peruvian highlands.
  • Puca Picante: It is an original dish of the Ayacucho region, based on pork rinds legs or very spicy lamb, there became his name. Puca is a Quechua word meaning red, precisely because of the pepper and the color of the food. It is a delicious dish, colorful, something spicy.
Ayacucho Attractions in the City
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Ayacucho Attractions Beyond the City
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Ayacucho Festivals
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